Учебные материалы

Учебные материалы по английскому языку

Here is one of the most popular novels of this writer. This is a family story about relationship difficulties and conflicts between men and women in the family. The book tells the reader about the eternal attempts to find your way in life and the fact that it often turns out to be meaningless. One of the main characters is Macon. He is a little over forty. He is very pedantic and keeps things under control, even at home. Macon writes guides but he hates travelling. His books have detailed instructions on how to feel comfortable on any trip. How to protect your inner world from the interventions of strangers. Some time ago Macon lost his son. This changed the life of the man greatly. His marriage gradually falls apart and turns into nothing. The drama of one person will not leave the reader indifferent.

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Everything happened in the emergency department. Maxine sat down at the reception desk at Mercy Hospital. The woman gladly let her tired legs rest. It was a Saturday night and her working day was very long and hard. She was wearing the uniform of a doctor, her hair curled from heat and humidity. There was an air conditioner in the department, but every time the hospital door opened, another portion of hot humid air got inside. The nurse handed the woman a glass of ice water and said that in a few hours they would be able to go home. Their hospital was located in one of the poorest and most dangerous areas of Milwaukee, which meant that there was always a lot of work. But even after nine hours of work, Maxine was going to watch an exhibition at the arts center.

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The one who has never felt like this will not be able to understand the whole pain of the person who was expelled from his home. How does it feel to live in a foreign country and speak a foreign language? You are always a foreigner, in any situation. Two families have been living in Zimbabwe for almost thirty years. Their home country is called Malawi, but they cannot come back there. They believed that one day they would return home. Although the men from these families have disagreements, they try to stick together. After all, they are countrymen. They often talked about the house. About the time when they were children: how they grew up, what games they played in their childhood. They remembered their schools and the beginning of the struggle for freedom against the British.

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The most experienced fishermen know that the best place for fishing is the west of Ireland. There are rivers full of salmon. Sinclair spends three days there, trying to catch a fish, but he is unlucky. The young man goes home. He decides to go by train, and in the twentieth century such a trip seems like a real adventure. At the station, where he has to wait for the train, there is a lot of smoke — but there is not enough heat. The man is cold. He has wet shoes after fishing. He hoped that at the station he could warm up — but he continues to freeze. The station manager lets the guy into his office. It is warm and there is steam from the clothes. They talk about fishing and politics. Sinclair admits that he failed to catch anything. Soon the train arrives. The guy goes to the cold again. A little rain starts on the street.

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Peter Holmes is an officer in the Australian Navy. This morning the man wakes up very early. For several minutes he is lying in the bed, looking at the rays of the bright Australian sun falling into the room. It is Thursday. It is about five o'clock. Soon it will be very light outside. His little daughter will wake up. Up to this point, getting out of bed is not necessary. Peter is in a great mood. After all, he is to get a promotion. The officer hopes he will sail again. He loves the sea and dreams of it. Work on land is not for him. For some time Peter did not go to the sea because of some problems. Now he feels very bored without long trips. But this fine Thursday will change everything in his life. This is the main reason of his good mood.

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Saul had been working for many consecutive hours. Finally he wearily rubbed his sore eyes. His computer could distinguish his voice and execute commands. But the man did not like to talk to the machine. Typing was much easier and more familiar. After all, it was hard to talk loud and think. Saul was a professional writer and a music critic. He loved music and could write much about it with high quality. Many others dreamed of a job like this. But Saul was very good at his profession so his superiors were quite pleased with him. Once he needed to stop writing. He had to do social work for some time. Saul hated it! But the man simply had no choice. He lived in an unusual world where social work was the responsibility of every person.

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Eddie was slowly drinking champagne. He was standing on the deck of a cruise liner, looking at the waves overboard. The evening was wonderful. There were no more people around. Eddie admired how such a huge and massive ship could move at high speed. The vessel was comfortable and beautiful. Eddie looked at the outlines of the island, which dissolved in the dark. The man threw a glass into the sea. Soon his wife came to the deck. She looked great and the couple began to flirt, as at the beginning of dating. They agreed to go to a restaurant together. It was very crowded. It was hot, but the place turned out to be very pleasant and hospitable. The musicians were playing instruments in the corner, the lighting created a comfortable atmosphere. Several couples were dancing. The visitors were dressed in tuxedos and dresses.

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Lucy is a young girl who works as an actress. She has an elder sister named Phil, who married a rich man from Italy. Lucy went to the sea to rest and to visit her sister. Phil is going to have a baby soon and decides to have a pregnancy in a pleasant and warm climate. Lucy has problems with work. She did not become famous and being an actress is not very easy. She could not become a star and now wanted to think a little about continuing her career. Lucy enters a completely new world for herself. There are many interesting people and random encounters with unusual people. The girl even manages to get acquainted with the trained smart dolphin. A young actress gets into a criminal situation, where acting talent helps her to remain safe and sound.

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Чтобы ваша разговорная речь была яркой, запоминающейся и лексически богатой, необходимо насытить ее не только разнообразными грамматическими конструкциями, но и достаточным количеством синонимов, чтобы избегать повторов. В качестве синонимов могут выступать не только слова, присущие письменной речи, но и английские фразовые глаголы (phrasal verbs), которые являются наиболее употребительными для английского разговорного языка. Знание английских фразовых глаголов также уменьшит количество ваших проблем в понимании иностранной речи. Каким образом?

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Новым фразовым глаголом английского языка, который подлежит рассмотрению, является get. У этого слова отнюдь не меньше значений, чем у предыдущих глаголов. Я бы сказала, даже намного больше. Изучая этот фразовый глагол «get», как неправильный, мы запоминаем лишь первое его значение – получить, обрести. Но это лишь частичка того айсберга, который можно попытаться рассмотреть целиком, если открыть словарную статью этого слова или покопаться в словаре фразовых глаголов, чем мы и будем сейчас заниматься.

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Значений у фразового глагола get очень много, поэтому этот материал и пришлось разбить на две статьи (Фразовый глагол get – часть 1), чтобы полноценно представить возможные варианты в большем количестве. К тому же вы, очевидно, обратили внимание, что фразовый глагол get может сочетаться не только с одним предлогом, но и с двумя. В конце этот статьи мы все-таки подсчитаем, сколько же значений фразового глагола get у нас имеется.

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Переходим ко второму фразовому глаголу – give. Основным смысловым наполнением этого глагола являются следующие значения: давать, дарить, уделять, посвящать. Какие же другие значения может принимать это слово в сочетании с предлогами?

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Фразовый глагол make так же богат на значения, как и другие наиболее употребляемые фразовые глаголы. Сочетаний с предлогами и наречиями у него не так много, но количество значений, которое может соответствовать какому-либо одному словосочетанию, делает этот фразовый глагол одним из самых трудных для изучения, так как одно сочетание может передавать более 10 совершенно различных по смыслу значений. Будьте внимательны.

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Следующим словом, с которым мы поработаем, является фразовый глагол take, количество значений которого так же велико, как и у глагола get. Если вы взглянете в словарь, обнаружите, что словарная статья, посвященная этому глаголу, занимает не одну страницу, а примеров его использования не так уж и мало. Нас будут интересовать сочетания этого фразового глагола с различными английскими предлогами, благодаря которым это слово обретает новые значения, отличные от своего основного.

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